Our service displays content extracted from different sources. This content is responsibility of the entity that makes it available.
archives evidence collected from different sources and presents these data in a complete and comprehensive way.
Its data comes from manually curated protein-protein interaction databases that have adhered to the IMEx consortium. The aggregated data forms an interactome which includes many organisms. mentha
is a resource that offers a series of tools to analyse selected proteins in the context of a
network of interactions.
Protein interaction databases archive protein-protein interaction (PPI) information from published articles.
However, no database alone has sufficient literature coverage to offer a complete resource to investigate
's approach generates every week a consistent interactome (graph). Most importantly, the procedure assigns
to each interaction a reliability score that takes into account all the supporting evidence. mentha
offers eight interactomes (Homo sapiens, Arabidopsis
thaliana, Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, Escherichia coli K12, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
plus a global netowrk
that comprises every organism, including those not mentioned.
The website and the graphical application are designed to make the data stored in mentha accessible and analysable to all users.Go to User guide
Please, in any article making use of the data extracted from mentha
, refer to:mentha: a resource for browsing integrated protein-interaction networks
Alberto Calderone, Luisa Castagnoli & Gianni Cesareni
Nature Methods 10, 690 (2013). doi:10.1038/nmeth.2561
mentha integrates these databases because of their characteristics.
They all use the same curation policies and the same complex expansion model.
- European Union Framework project 7 "Affinomics" grant
- "Oncodiet" grant from the Fondo per gli Investimenti della Ricerca di Base (FIRB) project.
Statistics for main model organisms
other organisms are available
Last update: 9th May 2021
||Average number of
interactors per protein
|Escherichia coli K12||4,186||26,216||1,151||12.19|
How to search
The search field
in the home page can be used to search gene names, UniProt IDs or
keywords. In the home page you can also find a drop-down menu to
select a model organism to narrow down your search.
- You can select an organism from the drop down menu
Search field to type your query:
- Gene names such as: PTPN1, AKT1 and so on.
- Uniprot IDs are identifiers as per UniProt: Q16825
- Keywords can be any word like: phosphatase, kinase and so on
Search all elongation factors in arabidopsis thaliana
- Select arabidopsis thaliana in organisms
- Type: elongation factor
- Click "search"
- Type: elongation factor arabidopsis thaliana
- Click "search"
By clicking search
you will be presented with possible results.
- You can collect proteins in the "Protein bag" by clicking “Add” or “Remove”.
- Protein can be remove from the "Protein bag" just by clicking them in the bag.
- Once you have added some proteins you can search again and continue adding.
- "List" will list all binary interactions in tabular format.
- "Preview" shows direct interaction, if any, among the collected proteins.
- "Browse" starts the interactive Interactome Browser.
The list page
shows binary interaction with several details.
- Protein A and Protein B
- Top 5 interactors in interactive graph
- Number of evidence, reliability score, interaction type (If any evidence to be enzymatic is available).
- Gene ontology terms highlighted in three colors by category: cellular compartment (yellow), molecular function(red) and biological process (blue).
- Clicking "Show evidence", the full list of scientific manuscripts is reported, with links to papers.
Cytoscape and mentha
Interactions can be easily imported in Cytoscape. If you create a new network using an external database, mentha is one of the options provided by default.
Once you have queired you proteins Cytoscape will assemble a network for you with all the details you need: experimental methods, references to articles and so on.